Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most-populous continent. At about 30.3 million km² including adjacent islands, it covers six per cent of Earth’s total surface area and 20.4 per cent of its total land area.
  • Population:
    • 1.216 billion (2016)
  • Area:
    • 30.37 million km²

The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition.

africa-kiliAfrica’s population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4 Algeria is Africa’s largest country by area, and Nigeria by population. Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors, as well as later ones that have been dated to around seven million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster – with the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human) found in Ethiopia being dated to circa 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. Africa hosts a large diversity of ethnicities, cultures and languages. In the late 19th century European countries colonised most of Africa. Most present states in Africa originate from a process of decolonisation in the 20th century.


South Africa


South Africa is a remarkable country. Its history has certainly been one of hardship – but it is this that has built the character and bonded the souls of the nation’s children. Most people the world over know who the Zulus are. But Africa has come a long way since King Shaka. Over a century later, Archbishop Desmond Tutu christened South Africa the “Rainbow Nation” and this is the essence of the South Africa of today. Not only is the country filled with a “rainbow” of diverse but colourful cultures , but also these cultures have been welded together by history and a common resolve to make their wonderful home a better place and a showpiece for the world. Read more



Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries on the planet. 70% of it is the Kalahari Desert. One of the poorest countries in the World at Independence, Botswana transformed itself into one of the fastest growing economies in the World, with a peaceful and harmonious population, and great wealth in natural resources. With regard to wildlife in particular, the country secured its borders from poachers using the military, and abandoned mass tourism, favouring instead quality. The result – a truly unspoilt wilderness the size of France! Read more

Lesotho & Swaziland


Both Swaziland and Lesotho are small land-locked absolute monarchies populated by a single tribe. They both are mountainous, although Swaziland less so, having a significant “lowveld” area. The wonderfully friendly Swazis and Basotho people kept a low profile during the era of Zulu dominance, with the mountains serving in some ways a places to hide. Once the Zulus had been defeated by the British and the Boers, both kingdoms flourished. Tourism is well established in both countries, but they are less well known in the international arena, offering more boutique hotels and bed and breakfast type accommodation. Read more



Namibia is a vast country wedged between two deserts – the Namib in the west and the Kalahari in the east. The role of water, or the lack thereof, has played more than its fair share in the physical and human development of the country. The country has only 5 perennial rivers and all of these are located on the borders leaving a thirsty mass of land in between. Each of the 13 official ethnic groups, dominated in numbers by the Owambo, have successfully found their way to adapt to this harsh environment. Read more

Zimbabwe & Zambia


Although separate geographically, Zambia and Zimbabwe are often partnered because they are joined at the hip, from a tourism point of view, by the mighty Zambezi River. The Zambezi is most certainly the focal point for tourism in both countries. The upper reaches are the scene of one of the natural wonders of the world – the Victoria Falls. The Kololo tribespeople living in this area named the waterfall “Mosi o Tunya” (‘the smoke that thunders’). It was the Kololo who paddled David Livingstone in a canoe to Kazeruka, the scene of his first glimpse of the Falls – the first known European to set eyes on this almighty site. He named it after his Queen. Read more



Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania in East Africa. It is composed of the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometres (16–31 mi) off the coast of the mainland, and consists of many small islands and two large ones: Unguja (the main island, referred to informally as Zanzibar) and Pemba. The capital is Zanzibar City, located on the island of Unguja. Its historic centre is Stone Town, which is a World Heritage Site. Zanzibar’s main industries are spices, raffia, and tourism. Read more


Tanzania is an East African country known for its Vast wilderness. Tanzania has many natural attractions including spectacular scenery, historical and archaeological sites, parks teeming with wildlife and unpolluted beaches. It also enjoys the rich cultures of the 158 ethnic groups. The southern and northern highlands boast a number of impressive mountain ranges, typically rising 500m to 1,000m above their surroundings. Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru in the northeast are ancient volcanoes rising to 5,895m and 4,500m respectively. The coastline is over 804km long with the  Read more


Rwanda, “The land of a Thousand Hills”.

The Republic of Rwanda  is in central and east Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland. Rwanda is in the African Great Lakes region and its geography dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year. The economy is based mostly on subsistence Read more