Tanzania is an East African country known for its Vast wilderness. Tanzania has many natural attractions including spectacular scenery, historical and archaeological sites, parks teeming with wildlife and unpolluted beaches. It also enjoys the rich cultures of the 158 ethnic groups. The southern and northern highlands boast a number of impressive mountain ranges, typically rising 500m to 1,000m above their surroundings. Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru in the northeast are ancient volcanoes rising to 5,895m and 4,500m respectively. The coastline is over 804km long with the nearby Islands of Unguja (also known as Zanzibar), Pemba and Mafia. The Islands offer an array of natural, cultural, historical and archaeological attractions. Other natural resources are Lake Victoria, the world’s second largest lake and the source of the Nile. The Serengeti National Park is Tanzania’s oldest national park and remains the flagship of the country’s tourism industry, providing a major draw to the Northern Safari Circuit encompassing Lake Manyara National Park, Tarangire National Park, Arusha National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. It has over 2,500 lions and more than 1 million wildebeest.